Monday, August 24, 2020
Airtel New Advertising Campaign A Critical Analysis Marketing Essay The main inquiry we experience in the investigation of publicizing and brand advancements as understudies is the reason promoting? Is it extremely significant? All things considered, what amount of job does advancement have as influence of the 4Ps in understanding a definitive showcasing goals of the brand or the organization? The new promotion battle of Airtel gives an entrancing case that encourages us in considering these inquiries with every one of their criticalities. Foundation Airtel is an Indian global telecom specialist co-op with nearness across 19 nations. In India it is one of the most presumed brands. Outside India, it is known as Zain in Africa and Warid in Bangladesh. Having reformed the telecom business in the a long time since its origin, Airtel chose to reposition the brand with another logo, jingle and promotions in order to have a uniform nearness around the world. The thought behind the new situating was to mean Airtels venture towards the new universe of digitization. It needed to make its quality felt in the 3 G, online life and versatile based web based business space and interface with the new age clients. Henceforth a London based advertisement organization thought of the new logo with letter an in lowercase, with Airtel composed underneath it in lowercase. In the expressions of Sanjay Kapoor, the CEO of Bharti Airtel, The new logo is present day ,energetic , neighborly and connotes Airtels promise to contact its investors and buyers , t he letters in the lowercase is an image of its lowliness . New logo Old Logo http://www.afaqs.com/all/news/pictures/news_story_grfx/2010/28828_2.jpg http://www.afaqs.com/all/news/pictures/news_story_grfx/2010/28828_1.jpg The Launch The new logo is matched with the slogan Dil jo chahe pass laye again strengthening Airtels responsibility to the clients. The new look was advanced through all the promoting channels, for example, TV, print, open air and computerized crusades. While trying to cause the clients to relate to the new look, Airtel even propelled a battle where the clients needed to name the new logo of Airtel .To reemphasize the new look of the Airtel ,A.R Rehman was roped in to create a new jingle for Airtel . The story so far looked great .With the large names, for example, JWT, Madison Media Plus, Digitas and Web chutneyÃ¢ working behind the battle, one could have been guaranteed of the achievement of the crusade. The Backlash What occurred next shocked everybody. Web based life space and papers the same were buzzing with the negative analysis of the new look and crusade. Online life discussions about the rebranding exercise In a review led by brand screen examination the conclusion of tweets, the outcomes demonstrated that AlmostÃ¢ 62%Ã¢ of the discussions about the new Airtel logo were negative Ã Facebook conversations and LinkedIn conversations the Position group broke down, 3 unmistakable subjects around the responses developed: ApproximatelyÃ¢ 15% of the discussions were immediate comparisonsÃ¢ of the new Airtel logo to the Videocon and Vodafone logos ApproximatelyÃ¢ 10%Ã¢ of the discussions recommended that Airtel ought to have put cash in improving their client support and system accessibility An extremely little minorityÃ¢ (1%) required a reestablishment of the old logoÃ¢ or a new upgrade work out (Source: http://blogs.position2.com/airtel-brand-redo internet based life reaction) Fans even went to the degree of contrasting the logo and Videocon Vodafone logo Snap to extend: Logo Comparisons Created by a fan Essential Research So as to get a direct record of the client response the Airtels new publicizing effort I talked with some kindred B school understudies who have done their specialization in showcasing. Given beneath are extracts of a portion of the meetings Sayan Majumder: I dont interface with new brand personality of Airtel .I had increasingly enthusiastic connection with the past one. The facts demonstrate that an organization has to know to develop yet there was no requirement for Airtel to rebrand itself. It could have concentrated on giving more on consumer loyalty Sakyabrata Dutta: Airtel visual intrigue has gone for a hurl .In an endeavor to engage a worldwide crowd the promotion has lost its nearby flavor Sandeep Somisetty: The new advancement techniques of Airtel are certainly an intentional endeavor to interface with the youthful 3G crowd. The emphasis on innovation as the hidden subject of its promotions certainly fortifies the brand as an innovation smart one. Be that as it may, I don't know how much this exceptional brand repositioning will convert into improved top-line development for the organization. From my little information on the telecom part, the greater part of the wellsprings of income lie in the undiscovered rustic market. It is elusive them associate with this new urban, cosmopolitan symbol of the brand. The Learning Despite the underlying negative notions ,buyers have now begun to interface with new brand personality and may in the end come to like it .But whatever might be the conclusive outcomes for Airtel ,this battle will consistently be associated with the complain it made and a hardly any exercises a publicizing proficient can learn. Clients own the image for them its a lifestyle and any adjustment in the brand suggestion ought to be finished thinking about client; in any case the millions spend on publicizing simply go down the channel. Such a disaster can even influence the deals of the organization. In one occurrence a sales rep was sad that the retailers were ridiculing the new product of the Airtel. Notice frames a necessary piece of the promoting of a brand. It is a way to arrive at the purchasers and ought to be planned remembering the last showcasing goal to be accomplished. At long last, publicists ought to discover that If it aint broke, dont fix it. The Airtel brand itself was work through long stretches of gigantic difficult work model execution. It isn't clear what provoked this difference in situating, might be the ongoing telecom inconveniences went about as impetuses. In any case, confirmations recommend that whatever be the thought process, it was not fruitful. The brand directors of Airtel might be compelled to take an exercise like those at Coca-Cola who broadly presented the New Coke in 1985 in light of Pepsi needed to take it back after tremendous customer backfire.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Davos is a town situated on the Landwasser River, in the Swiss Alps, between the Plessur and Albula Range in Switzerland. At 1,560 meters, it is the most noteworthy city in Europe. From the center of the eighteenth century, Davos turned into a well known goal for the weak in light of the fact that the atmosphere in the high valley was demonstrated amazing by specialists and suggested for lung sickness patients. Arthur Conan Doyle composed an article about skiing in Davos in 1899. In the mid 90s, Davos got renowned worldwide for facilitating the World Economic Forum (WEF), a yearly gathering of worldwide political and business elites (regularly alluded to just as Davos) and the home of one of SwitzerlandÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest ski resorts. Association is characterized as Ã¢â¬Å"an free worldwide association focused on improving the condition of the world by connecting with business, political, scholarly and different pioneers of society to shape worldwide, local and industry motivation. (World Economic Forum, 2012) These gatherings unite CEOs from the 1000 part organizations just as chose government officials, delegates from the scholarly community, NGOs, strict pioneers and the media. Around 2200 members assemble for the five-day occasion and go to somewhere in the range of 220 meetings. The conversations center around key issues of worldwide concern, (for example, global clashes, destitution and ecological issues) and potential arrangements. In around 500 writers from on the web, print, radio and TV participate, and are outfitted with access to the entirety of the meetings, some of which are additionally webcast. (Davos, 2011) The association additionally gathers somewhere in the range of six to eight local gatherings every year in areas, for example, Latin America and East Asia, just as two further yearly gatherings in China and the United Arab Emirates. Next to gatherings, the establishment delivers a progression of research reports and connects with its individuals in area explicit activities. The Forum was established in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-conceived business educator at the University of Geneva, who is at present an Executive Chairman of WEF. Initially named the Ã¢â¬Å"European Management ForumÃ¢â¬ , it changed its name to the World Economic Forum in 1987 and tried to widen its vision further to incorporate giving a stage to settling global clashes. (Davos, 2012) In the mid year of 1971, Schwab welcomed 444 administrators from Western European firms to the principal European Management Symposium held in the Davos Congress Center under the support of the European Commission and European mechanical affiliations, where Schwab looked to acquaint European firms with American administration rehearses. He at that point established the WEF as a non-benefit association situated in Geneva and attracted European business pioneers to Davos for the yearly gatherings every January. (Davos, 2012)
Saturday, July 18, 2020
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Biography History and Biographies Print Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Biography Early Life, Career, and Contributions to Psychology By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on May 09, 2018 Ehirsh / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain More in Psychology History and Biographies Psychotherapy Basics Student Resources Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming Even without success, creative persons find joy in a job well done. Learning for its own sake is rewarding. â" Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi from Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery Invention, 1996. What Csikszentmihalyi Is Best Known For Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi is a psychologist who created the concept of flow. He is particularly known for flow psychology and positive psychology. Csikszentmihalyis Early Life Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (pronounced me-HIGH chick-sent-me-HIGH-ee) was born in Fiume, Italy, now Rijeka, Croatia, on September 29, 1934. Growing up, he was fluent in Hungarian, Italian and German. During World War II, he spent time in an Italian prison camp where he discovered chess. He found playing chess to be an excellent way to divert his attention away from what was happening around him, something he believes helped him fare better than many others. At age 16, he traveled to Switzerland where he had the opportunity to listen to Carl Jung speak. The experience had an influence on him. He later explained, As a child in the war Id seen something drastically wrong with how adultsâ"the grown-ups I trustedâ"organized their thinking. I was trying to find a better system to order my life. Jung seemed to be trying to cope with some of the more positive aspects of human experience. After studying books by Jung and Freud, Csikszentmihalyi decided to immigrate to America at the age of 22 in order to study psychology. He attended the University of Chicago where he earned his B.A. in 1960 and his Ph.D. in 1965. In 1969, he returned to the University of Chicago as a professor where he continued to work until 2000. Csikszentmihalyis Career Csikszentmihalyi is best-known for his theory of flow, which he outlined in his seminal 1990 book Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. According to Csikszentmihalyi, people are happy when they are in a state of flow, a type of intrinsic motivation that involves being fully focused on the situation or task. He describes flow as being completely involved in an activity for its own sake. The ego falls away. Time flies. Every action, movement, and thought follows inevitably from the previous one, like playing jazz. Your whole being is involved, and youre using your skills to the utmost. Contributions to Psychology Mihaly Csikszentmihalyis theory of flow has influenced people in a wide range of fields. Former U.S. President Bill Clinton and former British Prime Minister Tony Blair were reportedly influenced by his book Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Jimmy Johnson, former coach of the Dallas Cowboys, utilized Csikszentmihalyis ideas to prepare for the 1993 Super Bowl. Csikszentmihalyis ideas have also influenced people in business, government, education and the arts. Selected Publications by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Csikszentmihalyi is a prolific writer, having published more than 120 articles and book chapters on a wide variety of topics in psychology. His research and writings on happiness and creativity have also played an important part of the growing interest positive psychology. Here are a select few: Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975). Beyond Boredom and Anxiety: Experiencing Flow in Work and Play, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Csikszentmihalyi, M. and Csikszentmihalyi, I. S., eds. (1988). Optimal Experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. New York: Harper and Row.Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996). Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. New York: Harper Perennial.Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1998). Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement With Everyday Life. Basic Books.Gardner, H., Csikszentmihalyi, M., and Damon, W. (2002). Good Business: Leadership, Flow, and the Making of Meaning. Basic Books.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Social Security Benefits The Problem Social Security Faces: The concept of the Ã¢â¬Å"graying of AmericaÃ¢â¬ is becoming a more pressing issue as the baby boomer population is coming of age to retire. Between years 2000 to 2010, the number of Americans aged 65 and older increased a staggering 15.1 percent (35 million to 40.3 million) (Karger 2014, pg. 202). Demographics suggest that by 2050, the number of this age group will increase to 88.5 million (Karger 2014, pg. 22). Not only is this population growing, but people are living longer. The larger issue is having enough money to provide people benefits to sustain a decent quality of life. Assistance and Limits associated with this program: Social Security is a system in which people must insureÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The benefit will be reduced by one-half of one percent for each month a person decides to collect Social Security benefits before their full retirement age. It is also possible to continue to work and simultaneously receive retirement benefits. Benefits will not be reduced in the month a person reaches full retirement age. However, benefits must be reduced if earnings exceed certain limits for the months before full retirement age is reached (Social Security Administration 2016, pg. 5). Funding and Distribution: Each worker in the United States pays taxes into Social Security. This money is used presently for those who have already retired, disabled, survivors of workers who have died, and dependents of those who received benefits (Social Security Administration 2016, pg. 7). The money that a person pays in taxes is not put into a personal trust fund. The government uses the taxes a worker pays to give benefits who are the current recipients. Any Ã¢â¬Å"leftoversÃ¢â¬ go to the general Social Security trust fund, but not a personal account with a specific name on it (Social Security Administration 2016, pg. 7). To visualize subsidies for retired workers, below the figure shows a hypothetical benefits breakdown for workers retiring at age 65 in 1982 (Social Security Administration 2016, pg. 8). Type of Worker Monthly Benefits Benefit-Contribution Ratio Annuity Based on Contribution Subsidy Subsidy as Percentage of Monthly Benefits Single male, maximumShow MoreRelatedSocial Security : A Social Problem3610 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesThe social security deficit is one that consumes the economy in the greatest way possible, whether man is aware of it or not. Social Security is an insurance plan the working class earns their beneficial coverage due to their work hours and tax paying on their earnings. The program is for the disabled and for those who can longer work due to health issues, or because of the retirement age that is required to have reached and some have met. 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Imperialism is defined as one countryÃ¢â¬â¢s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. In Africa in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, imperialism was present and growing. The main countries involved in the imperialism in Africa were the French, German, and Britain. We will write a custom essay sample on Scramble for Kenya or any similar topic only for you Order Now All of these countries were in a constant struggle to become the most powerful, to have the most riches, and control over high abundances of the natural resources in Africa. One region in particular being that of present day Kenya was desirable to the British. Although BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s reasonÃ¢â¬â¢s to imperialize Kenya were selfish and harmful, in the long run Britain helped Kenya progress. On a quest to find natural resources in Kenya the Portuguese were among the first European settlers along the coast of Kenya. Up until the 19th century, very little was known about KenyaÃ¢â¬â¢s land beyond the coast until the arrival of the British who came and colonized Kenya. Kenya was under the control of British between the 19th century and mid 20th century. In the early 1800s, European powers began rushing to get a hold of unclaimed territories within areas of interest in Africa. Zanzibar and the interior of Eastern Africa caught the attention of both Germany and Britain. To avoid conflict, in 1886, Germany and Britain signed a treaty in which they agreed upon what lands they would pursue. Germany would take the coast of present day Tanzania and Britain had access to the area where Kenya and Uganda lie. 1 Britain was also interested in other areas in Southern Africa; however, the British were hesitant in accepting full responsibility for the region they had access to. The result was Britain allowing a commercial company, the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC), the right to administer and develop the eastern territory. The IBEAC was responsible for the land stretching from the eastern coast of Africa to Uganda all the way to the northwestern part to Lake Victoria. 2 The British settlers were particularly attracted to KenyaÃ¢â¬â¢s fertile highlands. BritainÃ¢â¬â¢s main interest in Kenya was not to control the local people, but to build a railway that would connect Uganda and Zanzibar, to the Indian Ocean. The railway was important for strategic and economic reasons. It was to be the main link that would connect Lake Victoria and Uganda. Uganda became a source of interest since the source of the Nile river was thought to be there. The construction of the railway led to immigration of people from India who were imported to work on the railway. In order to maintain control over the Kenyans, the British limited their education to practical skills for working on farms. The colonial government forced Kenyans to work. In 1901, the British imposed tax payments in every area that they controlled. In order to make room for the incoming British, indigenous agricultural peoples such as the Kikuyu and the Kampa were removed form their land and relocated. No longer allowed to farm on their own land, many Kenyans were forced to work for Europeans growing cash-crops. Wages for these workers were very low. Laws were also put in place by the colonial government that allowed employees to be fine or imprisoned if employers were not pleased with their work. It was these crimes, among other abuses, which gave rise to independence movements in Kenya which eventually liberated the country from the British. Discrimination, imposition of taxes, forced labor, and confiscated land caused friction between Kenyans and the colonial government. 4 The friction led to eventual resistance by Kenyans against the British rule. Rebellious groups were formed one of them being the Mau Mau. The Mau Mau was a rebellion group formed to oppose British rule from 1890 until 1960. They worked on plans to force the British to leave. The loss of European life is very little. The main victims of Mau Mau violence are other Kikuyu who refuse to support the cause. Among the Mau Mau themselves as many as 11,000 died in encounters with British forces. In 1929 one of the nationalist leaders, Jomo Kenyatta, was sent to England to negotiate on behalf of the Kikuyu community by presenting their concerns to the British government. In October 1952, there was a sudden outbreak of sabotage and assassination in Kenya. Kikuyu terrorists and their ritual oaths of loyalty to their secret organization reflect the customs of Jomo KenyattaÃ¢â¬â¢s political group, the Kikuyu Central Association. The colonial government reacted immediately, declaring a state of emergency and arresting Jomo Kenyatta. Kenyatta was charged for planning the Mau Mau uprising, he was sentenced in March 1953 to seven yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ imprisonment. Jomo Kenyatta was still in detention as of 1960, but his colleagues elected him president of their newly formed political party, the Kenya African National Union. Kenyatta is finally released by the British in 1961. 5 In elections in May 1963, Kenya African National Union won the majority of the seats. Independence of Kenya was achieved in December 1963, with Kenyatta as prime minister. A year later, under a new constitution, Kenya becomes a republic. In 1964, Kenyatta was elected president. British imperialism changed Kenyan society in a number of ways. Large numbers of new peoples from different cultures took up residence in Kenya bringing in new ideas, missionaries brought about changes in religion, and land and labor practices changed. In addition to spreading their religion, missionaries also influenced and changed Kenyan culture in other ways. They established European style churches, schools, and hospitals which would have an ongoing impact upon the Kenyan people7. he cultural changes Kenya has undergone during the British imperialism has helped Kenya progress as a whole. How to cite Scramble for Kenya, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Hospital Window The death of a loved one can put unimaginable stress on the loved ones of the deceased. This stress can make one's life chaotic and unpleasant for long periods of time if the mourners do not understand the death. James Dickey, who believes, "poetry is the center of the creative wheel," wrote the poem, "The Hospital Window". The relationship between mourners and death becomes apparent in this "simple 54-line poem . . . about a parent's dying as a transformative experience, and the possibility that love conquers fear." The poem takes place on a city street adjacent to a large hospital. In "The Hospital Window", Dickey uses images which represent life and death to demonstrate that the death of a loved one can make one enter a surrealistic state, in which everyday occurrences appear to be heavenly; however, if one can overcome the death by understanding it, he can then return to a peaceful life. In the beginning of the poem, the images which distinguish life and death show that the speaker perceives normal events as spiritual after leaving his father's hospital room. Dickey's persona enters this state when he is on the hospital elevator. As the elevator brings him down to ground level, he remembers his father lying in his room above "in a blue light."(3) According to Gertrude Jobes, the color blue represents heaven and God. Therefore, its shining down on the speaker's father represents God's presence with his father. For any other observer, the light is obviously "shed by a tinted window,"(4) but the speaker's state of mind leads him to believe that the light shines from heaven. Once outside, the speaker turns to face the hospital. As he turns, he sees that "[each] window possesses the sun / As though it burned there on a wick."(13) To Jobes, the sun represents life. A candle wick burns for only a certain period of time, and then dies out. Therefore, the speaker believes that the reflection of the sun in the windows is actually his father's life. When the speaker reaches out to the sun, and "[waves], like a man catching fire,"(15) he tries to grab his father's life back. At that moment, the glare from the sun reflects in a certain way, making "all the deep-dyed windowpanes flash."(16) This flash, in the speaker's mind, is God reaching out for the father's soul. Also, the flash mocks the speaker's attempts at grabbing his father's life from the grips of death. Furthermore, the speaker visualizes God's presence by "all the white rooms / [turning] the color of Heaven."(18) To the speaker, the heavenly white color of the rooms represents purity and innocence, as described in Jobes, while others see merely white rooms. As the speaker studies the windows, he sees that all reflect "flames"(21), or the candles of the living still burning. It is then he realizes that his father's window is different. It reflects "the bright, erased blankness of nothing."(23) The flickering light visible in all of the other rooms is not visible in his father's room because he is dead. Once the speaker realizes his father is dead, he can start to overcome the death. In the middle of the poem, images representing life and death show how the speaker overcomes his father's death. After experiencing the madness of death, the speaker transitions from not believing in the death to realizing that his father is leaving him. First, the speaker realizes that his father's body remains in his room "[in] the shape of his death still living"(25). Death still living represents the father's dead body, with the soul still alive within. This thought causes a madness within the speaker because he realizes that his father's soul, oreverything he was, may remain within the corpse forever. Eventually, his father's soul "lifts [its] arms out of stillness at last"(31), causing the speaker to realize that his father's soul is leaving the body. The speaker "[turns] as blue as a soul / As the moment when I was born"(33-34) from the realization that his father will live on with him forever. This realization holds true because his father gave him life, so therefore his father will live on in his life. Additionally, the speaker